die Adjektivdeklination – Typ 3

Hi everyone,

Let’s continue talking about adjective endings…

To review the Strong inflexion, click here: Starke Deklination.

To review the Mixed inflexion, click here: Gemischte Deklination.

Typ 3 : Schwasche Deklination

Weak inflection, or ,,Schwasche Deklination“, is used:

  • After the definite article
  • After ,,derselb-” (the same), ,,derjenig-” (the one)
  • After ,,dies-” (this), ,,jen-” (that), ,,jeglich-” (any), ,,jed-” (every), which decline like the definite article.
  • After ,,manch-” (some), ,,solch-“ (such), ,,welch-” (which), which decline like definite article.
  • After ,,mir”, ,,dir“, ,,ihm
  • After ,,arm” (meagre), ,,alt” (old), ,,all” (all)
Weak Inflexion
Männlich
masculine
Weiblich
feminine
Sächlich
neuter
Mehrzahl
plural
 Nominativ -e -e -e -en
 Akkusativ -en -e -e -en
 Dativ -en -en -en -en
Genitiv  -en -en -en -en

The adjective endings rule with the definite article (derdiedas) or the so-called der-words (dieserjeder, etc.) is simple:

  1. The adjective endings in the nominative is always ,,-e” (except for the plural that is always ,,-en” in all situations!).
  2. The adjective endings in the  accusative identical to those in the nominative case, except for the masculine gender (der/den).
  3. The adjective endings in the dative and genitive is ALWAYS –en!

Adjektivdeklination typ 3

That is all I’ve learned about adjective endings by now!!!! So, keep practicing and wait for new posts!! 😀

die Adjektivdeklination – Typ 2

Hi everyone, Let’s continue talking about adjective endings… To review the Strong inflexion, click here: Starke Deklination.

Typ 2 : Gemischte Deklination

Mixed inflection, or ,,Gemischte Deklination“, is used:

  • After the indefinite article ,,ein-“, ,,kein-
  • After the possessive determiners in singular.
Mixed Inflexion
Männlich masculine Weiblich feminine Sächlich neuter Mehrzahl plural
 Nominativ -er -e -es -en*1
 Akkusativ -en -e -es -en*1
 Dativ -en -en -en -en*1
Genitiv  -en -en -en -en*1

*1 kein/e/n is used to show the plural because you can say “no shoes” but not “a shoes”! With ein-words (ein, deinkeine, etc.), the adjective must reflect the gender of the noun that follows.

  1. The adjective endings in the nominative ,,-er“, ,,-e” and ,,-es” correspond to the articles ,,der“, ,,die“, and ,,das” respectively.
  2. The adjective endings in the  accusative ,,-en“, ,,-e” and ,,-es” correspond to the articles ,,den“, ,,die“, and ,,das” respectively.
  3. The adjective endings in the dative and genitive is ALWAYS –en!

Adjektivdeklination typ 2 I will talk more about the weak inflexion in the next post. As I said previously, keep practicing German gender nouns and cases because it is very important!!! 😉

die Adjektivdeklination – Typ 1

Hallo!!

Today I’m going to start talking about German adjectives. In German an adjective is a word that usually go in front of a noun or pronoun they modify, giving more information about their definition.

,,der gute Mann” (the good man)

,,das große Auto” (the big car)

,,die schöne Dame” (the pretty lady)

A German adjective in front of a noun has to have an ending (,,Adjektivdeklination“), which depends on several factors, including gender (der, die, das), case (nominativeaccusativedative) and the type of declension (“strong”, “mixed” or “weak”).

Several adjectives take no ending at all:

  • Singular limiting adjectives: wenig, etwas, genug, and viel
  • The plural limiting phrase ‘ein Paar’
  • When the adjective come after the verb (predicate adjective)

,,Das Haus ist groß.” (The house is large.)

As we already know when to use the German cases, let’s talk about the type of declension:

Typ 1 : Starke Deklination

Strong Inflexion, or ,,Starke Deklination“, is used:

  • When no article is used
  • After ,,etwas” (some; somewhat), ,,mehr” (more), ,,nichts” (nothing)
  • After ,,wenig-” (few), ,,viel-” (much; many), ,,mehrer-” (several; many), ,,all-” (all), which also have strong adjective inflection
  • After personal pronouns other than ,,mir“, ,,dir“, ,,ihm
  • After number adjectives with no endings
Strong Inflexion
Männlich
masculine
Weiblich
feminine
Sächlich
neuter
Mehrzahl
plural
 Nominativ -er -e -es -e
 Akkusativ -en -e -es -e
 Dativ -em -er -em -en
Genitiv  -en -er -en -er

Adjektivdeklination typ 1

I will talk more about the other types of declension in the next posts… keep practicing German gender nouns and cases! 😉

See ya!!

die Farben

Grüezi!!! (So sagen viele Leute in Schweiz für “Guten Tag!”)

Today I will post to you some new vocabulary: ,,die Farben” (colors)

The German words for colors usually function as adjectives, but, in certain situations, colors can also be nouns and are thus capitalized.

Color

Farbe

 red
 rot
 pink  rosa
 blue  blau
 light blue  hell-blau
 dark blue  dunkel blau
 green  grün
 yellow  gelb
 orange  orange
 brown  braun
 beige  beige
 violet  violett
 lilac  lila
 white  weiß
 black  schwarz
 gray  grau
 turquoise  türkis
 silver  silber
 gold  gold

NOTE! Light or dark colors are preceded by ,,hell-” (light) or ,,dunkel-” (dark)

For you to practice, here is a memory game I found on http://german.about.com. Have fun!! 😉

Adé!!! (So sagen viele Leute in Schweiz für “Tchüss!”)