die Adjektivdeklination – Typ 1

Hallo!!

Today I’m going to start talking about German adjectives. In German an adjective is a word that usually go in front of a noun or pronoun they modify, giving more information about their definition.

,,der gute Mann” (the good man)

,,das große Auto” (the big car)

,,die schöne Dame” (the pretty lady)

A German adjective in front of a noun has to have an ending (,,Adjektivdeklination“), which depends on several factors, including gender (der, die, das), case (nominativeaccusativedative) and the type of declension (“strong”, “mixed” or “weak”).

Several adjectives take no ending at all:

  • Singular limiting adjectives: wenig, etwas, genug, and viel
  • The plural limiting phrase ‘ein Paar’
  • When the adjective come after the verb (predicate adjective)

,,Das Haus ist groß.” (The house is large.)

As we already know when to use the German cases, let’s talk about the type of declension:

Typ 1 : Starke Deklination

Strong Inflexion, or ,,Starke Deklination“, is used:

  • When no article is used
  • After ,,etwas” (some; somewhat), ,,mehr” (more), ,,nichts” (nothing)
  • After ,,wenig-” (few), ,,viel-” (much; many), ,,mehrer-” (several; many), ,,all-” (all), which also have strong adjective inflection
  • After personal pronouns other than ,,mir“, ,,dir“, ,,ihm
  • After number adjectives with no endings
Strong Inflexion
Männlich
masculine
Weiblich
feminine
Sächlich
neuter
Mehrzahl
plural
 Nominativ -er -e -es -e
 Akkusativ -en -e -es -e
 Dativ -em -er -em -en
Genitiv  -en -er -en -er

Adjektivdeklination typ 1

I will talk more about the other types of declension in the next posts… keep practicing German gender nouns and cases! 😉

See ya!!