Willkommen Frühling

Spring started officially today in Germany!!!

When I arrived in Germany last year, it was spring, but it was so cold… that it seemed winter to me!!! hahahaha… I don’t like when it is too hot or too cold (even if I think I’ve never felt really cold)… I think spring is the most confortable and beautiful season, because it is not too cold or too hot and the gardens are full of flowers… I love flowers!!!!

,,Der Frühling ist meine Lieblingsjahreszeit!!!” (“Spring is my favorite season!!!”)

So, today is a good day to learn about the months, how to say a calendar date and the seasons in German…

  • ,,die Monate” (the months)

Januar – January

Februar – February

März – March

April – April

Mai – May

Juni – June

Juli – July

August – August

September – September

Oktober – October

November – November

Dezember – December

play

  1. The months in German are all masculine gender (der).
  2. To say “in May” or “in November” you use the prepositional phrase ,,im Mai” or ,,im November“. (The word ,,im” is a contraction of ,,in” and ,,dem“, the dative form of ,,der“).
  3. To give a date, such as “on March 20th”, you use ,,am” (as with the days) and the ordinal number (5th, 20th): ,,am zwanzigsten März“, usually written ,,am 20. März“. The period after the number represents the –ten ending on the number and is the same as the -th, -rd, or -nd ending used for English ordinal numbers.
  4. Note that numbered dates in German are always written in the order of day, month, year (rather than month, day, year).

Ordinal Numbers (Dates)

Englisch

Deutsch

the first – on the first/1st der erste – am ersten/1.
the second – on the second/2nd der zweite – am zweiten/2.
the third – on the third/3rd der dritte – am dritten/3.
the fourth – on the fourth/4th der vierte – am vierten/4.
the fifth – on the fifth/5th der fünfte – am fünften/5.
the sixth – on the sixth/6th der sechste – am sechsten/6.
the seventh – on the seventh/7th der siebte – am siebte/7.
the eighth – on the eighth/8th der achte – am achten/8.
the ninth – on the ninth/9th der neunte – am neunte/9.
the tenth – on the tenth/10th der zehnte – am zehnten/10.
the eleventh – on the eleventh/11th der elfte – am elften/11.
the twelfth – on the twelfth/12th der zwölfte – am zwölften/12.
the thirteenth – on the thirteenth/13th der dreizehnte – am dreizehnten/13.
the fourteenth – on the fourteenth/14th der vierzehnte – am vierzehnten/14.
the fifteenth – on the fifteenth/15th der fünfzehnte – am fünfzehnten/15.
the sixteenth – on the sixteenth/16th der sechzehnte – am sechzehnten/16.
the seventeenth – on the seventeenth/17th der siebzehnte – am siebzehnten/17.
the eighteenth – on the eighteenth/18th der achtzehnte – am achtzehnten/18.
the nineteenth – on the nineteenth/19th der neunzehnte – am neunzehnten/19.
the twentieth – on the twentieth/20th der zwanzigste – am zwanzigsten/20.
the twenty-first – on the twenty-first/21st der einundzwanzigste –
am einundzwanzigsten/21.
the twenty-second – on the twenty-second/22nd der zweiundzwanzigste – am zweiundzwanzigsten/22.
the twenty-third – on the twenty-third/23rd der dreiundzwanzigste – am dreiundzwanzigsten/23.
the twenty-fourth – on the twenty-fourth/24th der vierundzwanzigste – am vierundzwanzigsten/24.
the twenty-fifth – the twenty-fifth/25th der fünfundzwanzigste – am fünfundzwanzigsten/25.
the twenty-sixth – on the twenty-sixth/26th der sechsundzwanzigste – am sechsundzwanzigsten/26.
the twenty-seventh – on the twenty-seventh/27th der siebenundzwanzigste – am siebenundzwanzigsten/27.
the twenty-eighth – on the twenty-eighth/28th der achtundzwanzigste – am achtundzwanzigste/28.
the twenty-ninth – on the twenty-ninth/29th der neunfundzwanzigste – am neunfundzwanzigsten/29.
the thirtieth – on the thirtieth/30th der dreißigste – am dreißigsten/30.
the thirty-first –
on the thirty-first/31st
der einunddreißigste –
am einunddreißigsten/31.

In most cases, the ordinal number is the cardinal number with a –te or –ten ending.

Some German numbers have irregular ordinals: one/first (eins/erste) or three/third (drei/dritte).

  • ,,die Jahreszeiten” (the seasons)

Finally, let’s take a look at the different seasons…

Seasons

play

  1. The seasons are all masculine gender (der), except for ,,das Frühjahr” (another word for spring).
  2. The months for each season above are, of course, for the northern hemisphere where Germany lie.
  3. ,,Sommerliche Temperaturen” = “summerlike/summery temperatures”.
  4. In some cases, the noun form is used as a prefix, as in ,,die Winterkleidung” (“winter clothing”) or ,,die Sommermonate” (“the summer months”).
  5. The prepositional phrase ,,im” (,,in dem“) is used for all the seasons when you want to say, for instance, “in (the) spring” (,,im Frühling“). Just like for the months.

Listening source: Learning Lounge ® – http://www.learnalanguage.com